A New SU(2) Anomaly

New publication from Juven Wang, Xiao-Gang Wen, and Edward Witten:

Title: A New SU(2) Anomaly

Abstract: A familiar anomaly affects SU(2) gauge theory in four dimensions: a theory with an odd number of fermion multiplets in the spin 1/2 representation of the gauge group, and more generally in representations of spin 2r+1/2, is inconsistent. We describe here a more subtle anomaly that can affect SU(2) gauge theory in four dimensions under the condition that fermions transform with half-integer spin under SU(2) and bosons with integer spin. Such a theory, formulated in a way that requires no choice of spin structure, and with an odd number of fermion multiplets in representations of spin 4r+3/2, is inconsistent. The theory is consistent if one picks a spin or spin_c structure. Under Higgsing to U(1), the new SU(2) anomaly reduces to a known anomaly of “all-fermion electrodynamics.” Like that theory, an SU(2) theory with an odd number of fermion multiplets in representations of spin 4r+3/2 can provide a boundary state for a five-dimensional gapped theory whose partition function on a closed five-manifold Y is (1)Yw2w3. All statements have analogs with SU(2) replaced by Sp(2N). There is also an analog in five dimensions.


Asymptotically flat extensions with charge

New publication by Aghil Alaee et al.

Title: Asymptotically flat extensions with charge

Abstract: The Bartnik mass is a notion of quasi-local mass which is remarkably difficult to compute. Mantoulidis and Schoen [2016] developed a novel technique to construct asymptotically flat extensions of minimal Bartnik data in such a way that the ADM mass of these extensions is well-controlled, and thus, they were able to compute the Bartnik mass for minimal spheres satisfying a stability condition. In this work, we develop extensions and gluing tools, à la Mantoulidis and Schoen, for time-symmetric initial data sets for the Einstein-Maxwell equations that allow us to compute the value of an ad-hoc notion of charged Barnik mass for suitable charged minimal Bartnik data.


ArXiv Link: 1903.09014

Kummer Rigidity for K3 Surface Automorphism vis Ricci-Flat Metrics

New Publication by Valentino Tosatti:

Title: Kummer Rigidity for K3 Surface Automorphism vis Ricci-Flat Metrics
Abstract: We give an alternative proof of a result of Cantat & Dupont, showing that any automorphism of a K3 surface with measure of maximal entropy in the Lebesgue class must be a Kummer example. Our method exploits the existence of Ricci-flat metrics on K3s and also covers the non-projective case.
ArXiv: 1808.08673

Two New Publications by Artan Sheshmani

Title: Localized Donaldson-Thomas theory of surfaces

(To be published in American Journal of Mathematics)

Abstract:  Let S be a projective simply connected complex surface and L be a line bundle on S. We study the moduli space of stable compactly supported 2-dimensional sheaves on the total spaces of L. The moduli space admits a C ∗ – action induced by scaling the fibers of L. We identify certain components of the fixed locus of the moduli space with the moduli space of torsion free sheaves and the nested Hilbert schemes on S. We define the localized Donaldson-Thomas invariants of L by virtual localization in the case that L twisted by the anticanonical bundle of S admits a nonzero global section. When pg(S) > 0, in combination with Mochizuki’s formulas, we are able to express the localized DT invariants in terms of the invariants of the nested Hilbert schemes defined by the authors in [GSY17a], the Seiberg-Witten invariants of S, and the integrals over the products of Hilbert schemes of points on S. When L is the canonical bundle of S, the Vafa-Witten invariants defined recently by Tanaka-Thomas, can be extracted from these localized DT invariants. VW invariants are expected to have modular properties as predicted by S-duality.


Title: Hilbert Schemes, Donaldson-Thomas Theory, Vafa-Witten and Seiberg Witten Theories

(To be published in Notices of the International Chinese Congress of Mathematicians)

Abstract: This article provides the summary of [GSY17a] and [GSY17b] where the authors studied the enumerative geometry of “nested Hilbert schemes” of points and curves on algebraic surfaces and their connections to threefold theories, and in particular relevant Donaldson-Thomas, Vafa-Witten and SeibergWitten theories.

Quantum Statistics and Spacetime Topology: Quantum Surgery Formulas

New Publciation by Juven Wang, Xiao-Gang Wen, and Shing-Tung Yau: “Quantum Statistics and Spacetime Topology:  Quantum Surgery Formulas”

Abstract: We apply the geometric-topology surgery theory on spacetime manifolds to study the constraints of quantum statistics data in 2+1 and 3+1 spacetime dimensions. First, we introduce the fusion data for worldline and worldsheet operators capable creating anyon excitations of particles and strings, well-defined in gapped states of matter with intrinsic topological orders. Second, we introduce the braiding statistics data of particles and strings, such as the geometric Berry matrices for particle-string Aharonov-Bohm and multi-loop adiabatic braiding process, encoded by submanifold linkings, in the closed spacetime 3-manifolds and 4-manifolds. Third, we derive new quantum surgery constraints analogous to Verlinde formula associating fusion and braiding statistics data via spacetime surgery, essential for defining the theory of topological orders, and potentially correlated to bootstrap boundary physics such as gapless modes, conformal field theories or quantum anomalies.


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ArXiv: 1901.11537